1976 - Grasp the Crucial Point and Deepen The Criticism of Teng Hsiao
UNDER the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, the struggle to criticize Teng Hsiao-ping and beat back the Right deviationist attempt at reversing correct verdicts is steadily developing in depth. The broad masses of cadres and people have conscientiously studied the series of important instructions by Chairman Mao, penetratingly criticized Teng Hsiao-ping’s counter-revolutionary revisionist line and greatly raised their consciousness of class struggle and the two-line struggle and of continuing the revolution.
This has consolidated and developed the achievements of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, promoted the development of various socialist undertakings, and given impetus to the anti-quake struggle and relief work. The situation in both revolution and production is excellent throughout the country. We must continue to advance in the midst of victories already won and bring about a new upsurge in the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping by further repudiating his counter-revolutionary revisionist line ideologically and politically.
We must be clear that the collapse of Teng Hsiao-ping does not mean the end of the struggle. Criticism of his revisionist line and eradication of its pernicious influence are of cardinal importance to the future and the destiny of our Party and state and arc a great militant task in combating and preventing revisionism and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Much remains to be done in this respect and we must never slacken our fighting will.
“On the General Programme for All Work of the Party and the Country,” “Some Problems Concerning the Work of Science and Technology” (“An Outline Report” for short) and “Some Problems in Accelerating Industrial Development” (that is, “Regulations for Industry”) — documents that were worked out on instructions from the arch unrepentant capitalist-roader in the Party Teng Hsiao-ping — are a concentrated demonstration of the ultra-Rightist essence of his counter-revolutionary revisionist line and a systematic expression of his revisionist viewpoints.
These three big anti-Party and anti-Marxist poisonous weeds are rare materials for learning by negative example and they are an iron-clad proof that “the capitalist-roaders are still on the capitalist road.” Chairman Mao has taught us: “It is only through repeated education by positive and negative examples and through comparisons and contrasts that revolutionary parties and the revolutionary people can temper themselves, become mature and make sure of victory. Whoever underestimates the role of teachers by negative example is not a thoroughgoing dialectical materialist.”
The struggle to criticize Teng Hsiao-ping will be further deepened and pushed forward with the issuance to the masses of these three documents of negative example and with the extensive mobilization of the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country to carry out mass criticisms concentrating on the crucial point, namely the revisionist ideological and political line. “On the General Programme” was Teng Hsiao-ping’s political proclamation for capitalist restoration. Embodying a series of statements made by Teng Hsiao-ping in 1975, this anti-Party article brazenly negates taking class struggle as the key link, opposes the Party’s basic-programme, tampers with the Party’s basic line, blatantly peddles the revisionist programme of “taking the three directives as the key link” and preaches the theory of the dying out of class struggle and the theory of productive forces, amounting to an all-round attack on Chairman Mao’s proletarian revolutionary line. ” The Outline Report” is a revisionist model of Teng Hsiao-ping’s attempt to “make a wide breach” in the positions of science and technology so as to oppose the all-round dictatorship of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie in the superstructure as a whole. The “Regulations for Industry” is an agglomeration of Teng Hsiao-ping’s slavish comprador economic concepts and his all-embracing revisionist line in running enterprises. In the name of “accelerating industrial development,” it in fact aims at speeding up capitalist restoration.
All three documents are products of the programme of “taking the three directives as the key link” and are evidence of Teng Hsiao-ping’s criminal attempt to reverse correct verdicts and restore capitalism. They are all sinister examples of waving “red flags” to oppose the red flag and waving the banner of “Marxism-Leninism” to tamper with and emasculate Marxism-Leninism. They show very clearly that Teng Hsiao-ping’s counterrevolutionary revisionist line is a continuation of the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao. A penetrating criticism of these three big poisonous weeds, “On the General Programme” in particular, is of great importance to increasing people’s understanding of the reactionary and deceptive nature of Teng Hsiao-ping’s revisionist line and to the struggle to uphold Marxism and combat revisionism throughout the historical period of socialism.
In deepening the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping, it is necessary to conscientiously study the series of important instructions from Chairman Mao and his important directive concerning the socialist education movement, clearly understand that the bourgeoisie is “right in the Communist Party” and that the most essential political characteristic of the bourgeoisie inside the Party is to push a revisionist line; in this way we can gain a profound understanding of the protracted and complicated nature of the struggle against the bourgeoisie inside the Party and forge a firm determination to continue the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Only thus can we achieve a deeper understanding of the importance and necessity of the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping and raise the criticism to a new level.
We should study Chairman Mao’s instructions thoroughly and repeatedly. Only by studying well can we make penetrating criticisms. Party committees at various levels must strengthen their leadership over the movement to criticize Teng Hsiao-ping, concentrate the fire of criticism on him and, with this as the general goal, unite more than 95 per cent of the cadres and masses. Study and the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping should be linked with the actual conditions of class struggle and the two-line struggle on the various fronts. In all work, including the antiquake and relief work, earnest efforts must be made to grasp class struggle as the key link. Leading cadres should take the lead in study, exposure and criticism. Comrades who have made mistakes should join the masses of cadres and people in study and in criticizing Teng Hsiao-ping in order to raise their understanding and consciousness and correct their errors. Our Party’s consistent policy towards such comrades is: “Learn from past mistakes to avoid future ones and cure the sickness to save the patient.”
We should continue to follow this policy in the struggle to repulse the Right deviationist attempt at reversing correct verdicts. The revolutionary masses should strengthen their unity and work together in criticizing Teng Hsiao-ping. They should not form factions, organize fighting groups or squabble endlessly over old scores. We should heighten our vigilance against the class enemy’s sabotage activities and deal resolute blows at them. It is imperative to persist in grasping revolution, promoting production and other work and preparedness against war, and strive to fulfill the various tasks put forward by the Party. Let us unite still more closely under the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao to win still greater victories in criticizing Teng Hsiao-ping and repulsing the Right deviationist attempt and in the socialist revolution and construction. (“Renmin Ribao” editorial, August 23)
Peking Review, No. 35, August 27, 1976